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What is Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the progressive degenerative joint disease primarily affecting soft connective tissue known as the cartilage. It is mostly known to be the disease of middle aged or elderly people. Although, it can damage or affect any part of the body joints of the hands, knees, hips and spine are commonly affected. Being progressive in nature, it often gets worse without any conventional way of curing it. Although staying physically active, managing weight and r technologically advanced treatment may help to manage the disease.
How prevalent is Osteoarthritis?
Factors responsible for Osteoarthritis
- Being Overweight
- Joint injury
- Joint defects
- Genetic abnormality
- Joints being overstressed due to sports, knee bending, repetitive motions
- Pregnancy and associated calcium loss in case of women, estrogen deficiency, etc.
- Presence of reactive proteins in urine
- High bone density
- Severe joint pain during or after the movements.
- Tenderness when light pressure is applied.
- Joint stiffness is a noticeable indication of joint disorders, especially in the morning or after a period or activity.
- Severe loss of flexibility is observed to the extent that the joints cannot be moved smoothly within their full range of motion.
- Grating sensation is experienced after the overuse of joints.
- Bone spurs observed around the affected parts of the joints.
Prognosis associated with the Osteoarthritis
- Improve joint function.
- Maintaining a healthy body weight.
- Weight management.
- Adapting a healthy life style such as physical exercise, yoga, diet, etc.
- Rest as much as possible with joint care.
- Non drug pain relief to control pain.
- Steroidal drugs.
Complementary alternative therapies:
However, due to overuse of joints the top surface of the cartilage breaks down and wears away progressively. This allows greater exposure of two bones towards each other, causing an increase in the fiction between them. This increased fiction causes pain, swelling and loss of the motion of the joints. In a more severe, chronic form of the disease the pieces of bones even break off and float inside the joint spaces that can eventually increase the pain.